Estemmenosuchus skin and osteoderms

Photographs and diagram of the preserved skin of Estemmenosuchus uralensis, from Chudinov (1968). The dinocephalian Estemmenosuchus is one of the only non-mammalian synapsids with known integument. Skin from multiple specimens of E. uralensis, from the middle Permian Ezhovo locality in Russia, was described by Peter Chudinov in a 1968 paper. Like many other old Russian … Continue reading Estemmenosuchus skin and osteoderms